Last year I started working in the world of Big Data, and at the time, I didn’t know that “data science” and “data engineering” were separate things. At some point, I looked at what my team is working on and realized that the distinction between the two is important, and that the team is firmly entrenched in the data engineering camp.
Data scientists get all the glory and attention, but without data engineering, there’s no way for data scientists to practice real science. I’ll talk more about this in another post.
In this first post, I want to talk about the four basic layers of the data engineering stack. These apply whether you’re working to enable people to collect analytic data for a Web-based business, or building the infrastructure for scientists to analyze rainfall patterns. The layers are:
- Data crunching
- Data warehousing
- End-user tools
At Etsy, we have our own custom instrumentation, our own Hadoop jobs to crunch the logs the instruments write to, our own data warehouse, and, for the most part, end-user tools for exploring that data that we wrote ourselves.
All of the data engineering team’s projects involve at least one layer of the stack. For example, we worked with our mobile team to add instrumentation to our native iOS and Android apps, and then we made changes to our Hadoop jobs to make sure that the new incoming data was handled correctly. The new mobile data also has implications for our end-user tools.
In terms of skills and daily work, data engineering is not much different than other areas of software development. There are cases where having a background in math or quantitative analysis can be hugely helpful, but many of the problems are straightforward programming or operations problems. The big problems tend to be scaling each of the layers of the stack to accommodate the volume of data being collected, and doing the hardcore debugging and analysis required to manage data loss effectively.
That’s a quick description of what life in data engineering is like. I am planning on writing a lot more about this topic. If you have questions, please comment.