Strong opinions, weakly held

Tag: product design

Why are Apple laptops becoming harder to take apart?

You can probably imagine what the response of iFixit’s CEO was to the new MacBook Pro with Retina Display once he took it apart and found that it is probably the least user-serviceable laptop Apple has ever made. He hates it.

What I like about his piece is that he doesn’t place the blame on Apple. Instead, he puts it on consumers:

We have consistently voted for hardware that’s thinner rather than upgradeable. But we have to draw a line in the sand somewhere. Our purchasing decisions are telling Apple that we’re happy to buy computers and watch them die on schedule. When we choose a short-lived laptop over a more robust model that’s a quarter of an inch thicker, what does that say about our values?

I know a lot of people think that computers (and many other products) are becoming less maker-friendly because greedy companies want to get more money for parts and labor, or even better, shorten the upgrade cycle and sell more computers, or cars, or appliances, or whatever.

I doubt that is ever really the case. There are a lot of tradeoffs that go into product design. When it comes to laptops, there are capabilities (display resolution, processor speed, storage space, battery life, and so on), size and weight, cost, and upgradeability. Apple seems to have gotten the impression that upgradeability is the factor that people care about the least, and I suspect that they’re right.

My suspicion is that the number of people who upgrade any of the components of their laptops is very small — I’d be surprised if even 5% of customers did so. I would imagine that the number of people who repair laptops on their own is even smaller. What’s funny is that I’m one of those people. I unthinkingly set a magnet on a MacBook I used to have and destroyed the hard drive, and I was very pleased to be able to take it apart and replace that hard drive myself. That being said, I’d rather have one of the new MacBook Pros with Retina Display than that old MacBook any day of the week.

Bitly demonstrates the wrong way to pivot

Last week Bitly announced that they’re morphing from a URL shortening service into a bookmarking service. I actually don’t think this is a bad idea.

Why do people start using URL shorteners? To share links that were unwieldy in the context in which they were to be used. I started using them in email because so many sites used URLs that were more than 80 characters long. It’s funny that with SEO and parameters used to track traffic sources, links are getting that long again. Anyway, that was the original use case.

One of the first thing Bitly did to add value beyond the basic shortened link was to offer analytics. When you shorten a link via Bitly, they collect basic analytical information about the people who click on it. So by using Bitly to shorten links you post to Twitter, you can get some idea of how many people are clicking on the links you share. This feature is remarkably useful, and is completely invisible if it’s not something you care about.

Bitly correctly assumed that people tend to shorten links that they care about, and that they may find value in having those shortened links saved as bookmarks so that users can come back later and view the archive. I think that was probably a good idea. I was a longtime user of Delicious and am a current user of Pinboard, and I have Pinboard automatically import any links that I post to Twitter. Most of those links are ones that I shortened using Bitly. In that sense, I’m pretty much the ideal use case for a Bitly bookmarking service. The main impediment would be that I have thousands of links stored in Pinboard already and I have no desire to move them.

The problem Bitly ran into is that they changed the basic link shortening workflow that people were used to. It used to be that if you shortened a link through the Bitly Web site or the Chrome extension, you’d immediately be presented with the shortened link. Unfortunately, Bitly has decided that promoting its new bookmarking service is more important, so now the first thing you’re asked to do is “Save this bitmark,” only after which can you see and copy the actual shortened link. Furthermore, Bitly gave you a nice box with the title of the page the link points to and the shortened link that you could easily post to Twitter with optional edits. That too is gone, replaced by a form that’s less useful.

Bitly would have really benefitted by enabling its users to wade into the new functionality rather than diving in. They should have maintained the old workflow and then presented a form that optionally allowed the user to add a description of the link, I think most users would have been much less frustrated with the changes. Bitly leapt out and tried to change a tool that people found pretty useful into a completely different tool. It’s not surprising that the existing user base revolted.

That said, Bitly needs to address this by tweaking the interface to satisfy existing users, not by throwing out the entire Bitmarks system. I think their idea that it’s a useful complementary service for them is correct.

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