Larry Lessig pretty much gets to the bottom of the Net Neutrality debate:

One clue to this Net Neutrality debate is to watch what kind of souls are on each side of the debate. The pro-NN contingent is filled with the people who actually built the Net — from Vint Cerf to Google to eBay — and those who profit from the competition enabled by the Net — e.g., Microsoft. The anti-NN contingent is filled with the entities that either never got the Net, or fought like hell to control it — telecom, and cable companies.

Lessig uses this as his introduction to a link to Tim Berners-Lee’s thoughts on the subject, which are not to be missed.